- Eating & Drinking in Radioisotope Laboratories
- Protective Clothing for Radioisotope Users
- Security of Radioactive Materials
- Training for Personnel in Radioisotope Laboratories
- Transferring Radioisotopes between Princeton University Laboratories
Eating, drinking, or other similar activities (consuming medicines, applying cosmetic products, etc.) in rooms labeled as radioisotope use areas is not permitted except under the following conditions:
- Any area in which eating and drinking occur must be designated as an Eating/Drinking Area. The Radiation Safety Committee must grant specific approval to an Authorized User to designate an area to be an Eating/Drinking Area. The Committee will take into account the nature of the radioisotope activities in the lab before approving an Eating/Drinking Area, e.g., a laboratory using I-125 may not be granted approval.
- In general, there must be a minimum separation of 5 feet between any locations in which radioactive materials are used or stored and an Eating/Drinking Area. However, the Committee may allow smaller separations if the Committee determines that factors such as the presence of walls or other physical barriers or the nature of the radioactive source (e.g., a sealed source) will prevent contamination from readily spreading into the Eating/Drinking Area.
- An Eating/Drinking Area must be designated with signage stating “Eating/Drinking Area - No radioactive materials are permitted within this area.”
- Radioisotope work and storage areas must be designated with signage, tape, or other labeled barriers to indicate that radioactive materials are stored or used beyond this point.
- Laboratory personnel must remove gloves and wash and survey hands after working with radioisotopes, and prior to entering an Eating/Drinking Area.
- A waste receptacle must be provided within the Eating/Drinking Area and used only for non-laboratory trash.
- If the layout of the lab is such that it is necessary to carry food or beverages to the Eating/Drinking Area by passing through the radioisotope use area, it is not permitted to eat or drink while passing through the radioisotope use area, and personnel carrying food or beverages must pass through the radioisotope area without lingering.
- EHS shall conduct spot checks for contamination within and at the boundary of Eating/Drinking Areas as part of its routine laboratory surveys.
- Permission for an Eating/Drinking Area within a laboratory will be revoked if EHS finds radioactive material or contamination within an Eating/Drinking Area or if violations of these requirements are observed.
Gloves, a full-length laboratory coat, and closed-toe shoes, are required to be worn by any person working with an open radioactive source in an amount equal to or exceeding 0.01 times the quantity given in Appendix C of 10CFR20 (incorporated by reference into New Jersey radioactive materials regulations) for any radioisotope, if such work creates a reasonable potential for contamination. For the most commonly used isotopes, these quantities are 1 µCi for C-14, 10 µCi for H-3, 0.01 µCi for I-125, 0.1 µCi for P-32, and 1 µCi for S-35. However, it is recommended that appropriate protective clothing, including gloves, a full-length laboratory coat, and closed-toe shoes should be worn at all times for work with any open radioactive source, regardless of the source activity. Wearing sandals or open-toed shoes, when handling the quantities specified above, is prohibited.
All radioactive stock materials and sealed sources must be stored in a secured container or secured storage area when not in use. Any room in which an unattended sealed source is being used must be secured. Exceptions must be approved in writing by the Office of Environmental Health and Safety. A stock material is defined to be radioactive material as provided by the vendor and does not include material withdrawn from the original stock by a researcher for experimental use. This policy applies to materials for which EHS approval and authorization is required and does not apply to generally-licensed devices, such as smoke detectors, static eliminators, electron capture detectors, exit signs, etc.
The Radiation Safety Committee establishes the following training requirements for laboratories authorized to work with “open” sources of radioactive materials:
- Initial Radioactive Materials Safety Training must be completed by any person who plans to handle “open” sources of radioactive material. Such training must be completed before a person handles radioactive materials or observes procedures involving radioactive materials.
- Initial Radioactive Materials Safety Training will consist of the review of 1) online Radiation Basics modules and completion of a Radiation Basics test, and 2) attendance at a Radioactive Materials Safety Class.
- Authorized Users, lab managers and individuals responsible for radiation safety functions in a laboratory must complete the Initial Radioactive Materials Safety Training program, even if those persons do not use radioactive materials. These persons must also complete annual radiation safety refresher training.
- Individuals subject to these training requirements and who have completed radiation safety training at other institutions are required to complete Princeton University’s initial radiation safety training program.
- In addition to the initial radiation safety training described in Item 2, each person who will handle radioactive materials must be provided with procedure-specific training. Such training will be provided by the Authorized User or experienced open-source radioactive materials workers designated by the Authorized User. This training must address the laboratory’s procedures for the following topics: a) How to set up and label a work area, b) How to conduct a survey, c) How to segregate and dispose of waste, d) How to segregate and dispose of waste, and e) How to complete laboratory rad records such as inventory, survey and waste records. Each lab is responsible for making sure, through training and supervision, that its radiation workers know how to complete all these requirements of the University’s radiation safety program. The PI or experienced radioisotope users in a lab are responsible for providing this training and supervision.
- Each person defined to be an open-source radioactive materials worker must complete annual refresher training provided by EHS. See the definition of open-source radioactive materials worker in Item 7).
- EHS will maintain a registry of open-source radioactive materials workers. Labs with active authorizations for open sources of radioactive materials will provide EHS with a quarterly update of open-source radioactive materials workers. At the time of each update, a lab’s open-source radioactive materials workers will include those people who used radioactive materials within the previous six months, those people currently conducting experiments utilizing radioactive materials, those people with known plans to use radioactive materials in the near future, the Authorized User, the lab manager and any person who functions as the lab radiation safety contact.
- Those persons who are members of or otherwise frequent lab spaces with active authorizations for open sources of radioactive materials must complete the online Radiation Safety Awareness Training Program and must complete it as soon as practicable after joining the lab. Visitors and other individuals who will work in the lab for periods of time not exceeding one month are not required to complete the radiation safety awareness training.
- The Radiation Safety Awareness Training Program for Non-Radioisotope Users consists of an online slideshow and test which must be successfully completed.
Researchers who handle sealed or plated radioactive sources only must complete initial radiation safety training for sealed source users.
Transfers of radioactive materials between Princeton University Authorized Users are permitted under the following conditions:
- Transfers of sealed sources or plated sources are not permitted without written authorization from EHS.
- Transfer of open sources are permitted under the following conditions:
- The lab which originally possesses the material (the transferring lab) is responsible for ensuring that the lab asking to receive the material (the recipient lab) is authorized to possess the radioisotope in question, prior to the transfer.
- In order to determine whether the recipient laboratory is appropriately authorized, the transferring laboratory may either contact EHS to inquire about the recipient laboratory’s authorization prior to the transfer or the transferring lab may follow the EHS web-based procedure for verifying the recipient’s lab’s authorization and for sending e-mail notification of the transfer to EHS. If the transferring laboratory uses the web-based procedure, prior notification to EHS and prior approval by EHS of the transfer is not required.
- The transferring lab must make a notation on the original Vial Use Log indicating that the transfer has occurred.
- When appropriate (for example, when an entire vial is being transferred), EHS will make the appropriate inventory adjustments and will provide the recipient lab with a new Vial Use Log for the transferred vial.
- Transfers must comply with requirements for transporting materials, as described in the Princeton University Radiation Safety Manual.